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World Mini/City Cars 2017


The range of Minicars available to purchasers around the the world has never been greater than in 2014. From the ultra light cars classed as Quadricycles in Europe, the Kei cars of Japan, the City cars available throughout the world .

European Quadricycles
The definitions for quadricycles are:
Category L6e Light quadricycle Four wheels, with a maximum unladen mass of 350kg (not including the mass of the batteries in an electrically powered vehicle), a maximum speed of 45km/h, a maximum spark ignition internal combustion engine capacity of 50cm3, or maximum power of any other internal combustion engine of 4kW or maximum electric motor continuous rated power of 4kW.
Category L7e Quadricycle - Four wheels, with a maximum unladen mass of 400kg or 550kg for a goods carrying vehicle (not including the mass of the batteries in an electrically powered vehicle) and a maximum net power, whatever the type of engine or motor, of 15kW. The construction requirements are those for a motor tricycle unless otherwise specified in a particular Directive.

The manufacturer of Quadricycles in Europe is mainly a French affair and is carried out by Ligier and Microcar, both part of the Ligier Automobile Company but produced in separate factories, also Aixam and Chatenet. There is also a well established Italian manufacturer, Grecav. I can find nothing of the technical specification of the Chatenat, but the Ligier , Microcar  and Aixam all with four seats appear to be in the heavier class of quadricycles and the Grecav with two seats in the lighter class. Two cylinder water-cooled engines are used by all makes, Microcar the Aixam both using a Lombardi petrol engine of 505cc and the Grecav using a diesel of the same make of 400cc or 505cc. The Aixam also offers a 600cc Kubuto diesel engine option. Constantly variable transmissions with the drive to the front wheels is used by all, as is an aluminium chassis frame covered with composite body panels. Power assistance for the steering or brakes is not needed due to the low weight keeping loads low, keeping the complexity and costs down.
Electric versions of the Microcar and the Aixam in the form of the Mega e-City are also produced.

Grecav     
 Ligier  Wikipedia page      Microcar   Wikipedia page         Aixam   Wikipedia page         Grecav  Wikipedia page


Japan's Kei Cars. (keijidōsha/Light automobile.)
This is a class of car unique to Japan and its crowded environment. Cars produced to comply with the Kei regulations are free of some restrictions and have tax advantages of larger cars. Basically the regulations limit the size of the Kei cars to a length of 3.4 metres, a width of of 1.48 metres and a height of 2 metres. The engines are also limited to a capacity of 660cc with a maximum output of 47 KW.  The formula has produced some useful and popular models, many of which are produced throughout the Asia and are sold throughout the world.
The cars in production at this time are universally front engined/front wheel drive, with four wheel drive versions of some available.  
Daihatsu are one of the most prolific producers of Kei cars, making three models in the class.  The Mira, mini car, also sold with other names, Cuore, Domino, Charade and Subaru Pleo, around the world. The present model is the seventh in a line starting in 1980. A version is also produced in Malaysia by Perodua as the Axia. The Move has a tall square body 1.77 metres high, on the Mira platform.  The other Daihatsu model is the Tanto a mini MPV's. The Tanto is almost as tall as the Move, with more rounded body with sliding doors. Suzuki has the Alto like the Mira is the latest in a long line of mini cars and is now manufactured in Japan. It is also sold as the Mazda Carol in Japan.
Tanto
Daihatsu   Mira                                                Tanto                                                                                   
 
Unlike Daihatsu some of the Mitsubishi Kei cars are very different from each other.  The eK Wagon is mid-height version of the discontinued Minica with electric sliding doors  and The Toppo is a tall version.  Honda have only two Kei car models N-ONE hatchback and the  a tall hatchback the N-Box
Honda
            N-ONE
          Mitsubishi           eK                                   Toppo                                  Honda                     N-ONE          
        

         City Cars
The Tata Nano produced in India, except for a small discrepancy in width, it would fit into the Kei car class. It"s specification is more about producing  an ultra low cost car for an emerging market in India with none of the high tech' refinements of most of the Kei cars.
To achieve  a low cost product, Tata chose to mount a two cylinder engine in a mid/rear engine chassis. Apart from it"s weight  of 600Kg ,due having a steel chassis /body, the Nano has more in common with the European Quadricycles rather than the Kei cars, having no power assistance for any of its controls.
new fortwoSuzuki Alto

Tata             Nano                                Smart        Fortwo            Suzuki          Alto     
Another small car that has a lot in common with the Kei cars, except having only two seats, is the Smart "Fortwo". Made in France. In fact a special narrow version to fit the Kei car formula, the "Smart K", was produced  for a few year for sale in Japan.  The Fortwo is a two seat mid/rear engined car. The present production models have larger diesel engine of 800cc or a petrol  engine of 1000cc.There is also an electric version the Smart ED.

A simple study of models considered to be four seat city cars, show them to be between 3.4 to 3.7 metres long, between 1.5 to 1.7 metres wide and 1.4 to 1.6 metres high. Being less than 1000kg in weight, with engine's with some exceptions of from 1 litre to 1.3 litres capacity.
The following fit in to this category. They are all four seat front wheel drive cars, with three or four cylinder water cooled engines.

Manufacture of city cars has mostly moved to newly developing economies, ether by long established manufacturers or newer local companies.
The  Nissan March/Micra, the latest model the fifth generation, is produced at various locations throughout the world and it is truly a world car.
Produced in India by Maruti, the Suzuki Celerio  is a city car.  The Perodua Myvi is a second generation Daihatsu Sirion produced in Malaysia. The Wagon R is on a shorter 2.36 metre wheelbase and have a height of 1.6 metres, making them tall mini cars rather than MPV.  The Wagon R was first produced in 1993 and the latest model is the fourth version. It is also produced in India  as the Maruti Wagon R.
Nissan MicraMyviSuzuki CelerioFiat Mobi
Nissan March/Micra                                     Perodua Myvi                               Suzuki Celerio                      Fiat Mobi

Korea has an expanding motor industry with three manufacturers of city cars. The Daewoo Matiz  also known as the Chevrolet Spark is also assembled in India and Uzbekistan and sold in Germany as the Opel Karl and the UK as the Vauxhall Viva. Hyundai  manufacture it's latest city car the "i 10", in India. The Kia Picanto is sold throughout Asia and assembled in Vietnam and Indonesia as well as Korea. There is copy of the Matiz produced in China by Chery Automobile, the QQ3. It is also assembled in Russia and Indonesia.

new i10new picanto
Daewoo/Chev Matiz/Spark                    Hyundai       i 10                              Kia        Picanto                                  Chery        QQ3
                   
The cost of producing a new design is very high and in Europe cooperative efforts have been a way of overcoming this. Add to this  producing the result in a lower cost economy  helps makes production viable. One such company is "Toyota Peugeot Citron Automobile Czech," set up by the manufactures named in it's title in the Czech Republic. The models produced by this company are the Toyota Aygo, Citroen C1 and the Peugeot 108.
new aygonew c1108
Toyota     Aygo                                                Citroen              C1                                      Peugeot         108

Another approach is have another company make you a car using their platform but with your machinery and a distinctive body. That what Ford did for the European Ka. Based on the Fiat Panda platform and produced at the Fiat plant at Tychy in Poland. The Ka II is soon to be replaced by a re-badged Ford Figo. Fiat also produce the Panda  at this plant,  The Panda platform is also utilised for the new Uno produced at Betim, Brazil, and the 500 a Retro model also on the Panda platform, now produced in Italy.

Fiat PandaFiat 500Fiat Uno
Ford          Ka II                                       Fiat                Panda                              Fiat                   500                          Fiat               Uno
      

Renault manufacture the latest version of the Twingo with a rear engine layout, in Slovenia, the original Twingo is still being produced in Columbia. There are still a couple of city cars produced in what can be called traditional manufacturing countries. The latest generation of the Daihatsu Boon/Sirion is manufactured in Malaysia by Perodua, it is also marketed as the  the Toyota Passo. The Daihatsu Ayla is a city car, designed by Daihatsu and manufactured by Astra Daihatsu in Indonesia. The Daihatsu Ayla is also sold as the Toyota Agya, and in the Philippines as the Toyota Wigo. The latest Mitsubishi the Mirage  is a city car produced in Thailand.

Twingo 3Diahatsu SirionMitsubishi MerageDaihatsu Ayla
Renault         Twingo III                                       Daihatsu Boon/Sirion                         Mitsubishi Mirage                                Daihatsu Ayla   
      
VW UpSkoda CitigoSeat Mii
VW Up                                                  Skoda Citigo                                        Seat Mii                                                      

Three city cars that have on the market since 2011 are the VW Up, the Skoda Citigo and the Seat Mii. All are produced in Slovakia and the all the same with cosmetic variations. In Britain this known as badge engineering.


OPel AdamGM Europe Adam

GM Europe began producing a city car based on the the Corsa platform which is sold as the Opel or Vauxhal Adam.
 

There may be more mini and city cars in production in the world and I shall keep looking for them.


World Light Car Index 2016/17


In this index I have included European Quadricycles, Japanese Kei cars, Mini or City cars, Supermini cars, Mini SUVs and Small or mini MPVs, which I consider to form the contemporary light car class of vehicles.

The Relative Popularity of the Light car in the World in 2016

There is only limited world wide data available to form a view of the light cars popularity, but the following data for many of the worlds major markets is I think a good guide to form an idea of that popularity around the world and show the difference requirements of those markets.
   
Country or Region            Total Car Sales         Light Car sales    Percentage of Total

Europe                                15 million                    6 Million                    43%

USA                                    13.86 Million               1.11 Million                 8%

China                                    23.68 Million            1.45 Million                 6%

India                                    3 Million                      2.45 Million                80%

Total                                    55.5 Million                11 Million                    20%



The Index

Index Content

European Quadricycle List.

Japan's Kei Car List.

Mini or City Car List.

Supermini List.

Mini SUV List.

Mini or Small MPV List.

More information on most of the cars listed can be found on Wikipedia .com

European Quadricycle List.

The definitions for the European Quadricycle are:
Category L6e Light quadricycle Four wheels, with a maximum unladen mass of 350kg (not including the mass of the batteries in an electrically powered vehicle), a maximum speed of 45km/h, a maximum spark ignition internal combustion engine capacity of 50cm3, or maximum power of any other internal combustion engine of 4kW or maximum electric motor continuous rated power of 4kW. 
Category L7e Quadricycle - Four wheels, with a maximum unladen mass of 400kg or 550kg for a goods carrying vehicle (not including the mass of the batteries in an electrically powered vehicle) and a maximum net power, whatever the type of engine or motor, of 15kW. The construction requirements are those for a motor tricycle unless otherwise specified in a particular Directive.

Quadricycles                    Country of Assembly

Aixiam                                      France
Ligier                                        France
Microcar                                    France
                            
          

Japan's Kei Car List. (keijidōsha/Light automobile.)

This is a class of car unique to Japan and its crowded environment. Cars produced to comply with the Kei regulations are free of some restrictions and have tax advantages of larger cars. Basically the regulations limit the size of the Kei cars to a length of 3.4 metres, a width of of 1.48 metres and a height of 2 metres. The engines are also limited to a capacity of 660cc with a maximum output of 47 KW.  The formula has produced some useful and popular models, many of which are produced throughout the Asia and are sold throughout the world.


Make and Model                                Country of Assembly

Suberu Chiffon                                             Japan            
Nissan EK/Dayz                                            Japan
Daihatsu Mira/Toyota Pixis/Subaru Pleo      Japan
Honda N-One                                              Japan
Honda N-Box                                              Japan
Daihatsu Tanto                                            Japan



Mini/City Car List.   

Make and Model                                                Country of Assembly

Fiat 500 Abarth 595                                              Poland/Mexico
GM Adam                                                              Germany
Suzuki Maruti Alto                                                 India/China
Suzuki Alto                                                            Japan
Toyota Aygo/Peugeot 108/Citreon C1                  Czech Republic
Daihatsu Ayla/Toyota Agya                                   Indonesia
Honda Brio                                                            India/Indonesia/Thailand
Suzuki Maruti Celerio                                            India/Thailand
Hyundai Eon/Atos                                                 India
Smart ForTwo                                                       France
Smart ForFour                                                      Slovakia
Datsun Go                                                            Indonesia
Hyundai i 10/Grand i10                                       India/Turkey/Algeria/Iran
Nissan Micra                                                        France/Indonesia
Fiat Mobi                                                             Brazil
Tata Nano                                                           India
Fiat Palio                                                            Brazil
Fiat Panda                                                          Italy
Kia Picanto/Morning                                          South Korea
Chery QQ                                                           China
Proton Saga                                                       Malaysia
Tata Tiago/Zica                                                 India
Renault Twingo                                                 Slovakia
Fiat Uno                                                            Brazil
VW Up    /Skoda Citigo/Seat Mil                        Slovakia/Brazil
GM Viva/Karl/Chev Spark/Honda Beat               South Korea
Hyundai Xcent                                                   India

        




Supermini List.    

Make and Model                                     Country of Assembly

Mazda 2/Demio/Scion iA                       Japan/Mexico
Peugeot 208                                          France/brazil/Indonesia/Malaysia/Slovakia
Baojun 310                                            China
Audi A1                                                 Belgium
Hyundai Accent/Verna                           South Korea/China/India/Russia
Changan Alsvin                                     China
Honda Amaze                                       India/Thailand
VW Amieo                                             India
Fiat Argo                                               Brazil
Chevrolet Aveo/Sonic/Lanos                 South Korea/Mexico/United States/Thailand/China/Russia/Columbia
Suzuki Baleno                                       India
Changan Benni Mini                              China
Perodua Bezza                                      Malaysia
Tata Bolt                                               India
Daihatsu Boon/Toyota Passo/
Subaru Justy                                          Japan
Honda Brio                                            Indonesia
Citroen C3                                            Slovakia
Renault Clio                                          France/Turkey    
Opel Corsa                                           Germany/Spain
Citroen DS3                                          France/Malaysia
Maruti Dzire                                         India
Toyota Elios                                         Brazil
Toyota Etios                                         India
Skoda Fabia                                         Czech Republic
Ford Fiesta                                          Spain/Germany/Brazil/Mexico/Russia/India/Thailand/Taiwan
Ford Figo/Ka+/Aspire                         India
VW Fox                                                Brazil
VW Gol                                                Brazil
Hyundai HB20/Kia Pride                      South Korea/Brazil
Hyundai i20                                        India/Turkey/Iran
Seat Ibeza                                           Spain/Algeria
Suzuki Ignis                                        Thailand
Tata Indica                                          India
Proton Iriz                                           Malaysia
Honda Jazz/Fit                                    Japan/Brazil/China/Mexico
Renault kwid                                       India
Nissan Micra/March/Renault Pulse      Europe/Indonesia/Japan/Thailand/China/Mexico
SAIC MG3                                            China
Mini Mini Cooper                                 UK/Netherlands
Mitsubishi Mirage                                Indonesia/Thailand/Philippines
Chevrolet Onix                                    Brazil
Proton Persona                                    Malaysia
VW Polo                                               Spain/India /South Africa /Russia/Malaysia/Algeria
Chevrolet Prisma                                 Brazil
Toyota Prius C/Agua                           Japan
Fiat Punto                                           Italy/India/Brazil
Kia Rio                                                South Korea/Mexico/Algeria
Dacia Sandero                                     Romania/Brazil/Russia/Columbia/Morocco/Algeria
Fiat Siena                                            Brazil
Chevrolet Sail                                      China
Suzuki Swift                                        India/Japan/Hungary/Thailand/Malaysia
Tata Tigor                                           India
VW Vento                                            India
Nissan Versa/Sunny/Renault Scala      India/Brazil/China/Mexico
Toyota Yaris/Vitz/                              Japan/Brazil/Mexico
Lancia Ypsilon                                    Poland
Tata Zest                                            India


Mini SUV List.

Make and Model                                    Country of Assembly

Peugout 2008                                        France/Brazil/China/Iran/Malaysia
Fiat 500X                                               Italy
Jonway A380                                         China
Fiat Abarth Avventura                            India
Citroen C4 Cactus                                  Spain
Renault Captur                                       Spain/Brazil/Malaysia/Russia
Hyundai Creta/Hyundai ix25                  China/India/Russia
Mazda CX3                                             Japan/Thailand/Indonesia
Dasia Duster                                          Romania/Brazil/Russia/India/Indonesia/Colombia
Ford Ecosport                                        China/India/Brazil/Indonesia/Russia
Haval H2                                               China
Honda HR-V                                         Mexico/Brazil/Japan/India/Malaysia/Indonesia/Thailand
Suzuki Jimny                                         Columbia/Spain/Brazil/Japan
Nissan Juke                                           UK/Japan/Indonesia
Hyundai Kona                                       South Korea
Mahindra KUV100                                 India
Mini Paceman                                       Austria
Changhe Q35                                       China
Jeep Renegrade                                    Italy/Brazil/China
Kai Soul                                               South Korea/China/Russia/Kazakhstan
Kia Stonic                                            South Korea
Suzuki SX4                                          China/Hungary/India
Zotye T200                                          China
Chery Tiggo3                                      China
SSang-Yong Tivoli                               South Korea
GM Trax/Mokka/Encore                      Spain/South Korea/China/Russia
Suzuki Vitara                                       Japan
Honda WR-V                                       Brazil/India
BYD Yuan                                            China




Mini or Small MPV List.

Make and Model                                                Country of Assembly

Fiat 500L                                                            Serbia
Ford B-Max                                                        Romania
Citroen C3 Picasso                                              Slovakia/Brazil
Mini Countryman                                                Netherlands
Maruti Suzuki/Proton Ertiga/Mazda VX-1            India/Malaysia/Indonesia
Mazda Flair/Suzuki Wagon-R                               Japan
Honda Freed                                                        Japan
Hyundai ix20                                                       Czech Republic
Opel Mereva                                                        Spain/Brazil
Nissan Note/Nissan Versa Note                          Japan/Mexico
Maruti Suzuki Omni                                            India
Kai Ray                                                               South Korea
Skoda Roomster                                                 Czech Republic/Russia/Ukraine
Toyota Sienta                                                     Japan
Daihatsu Sigra/Toyota Calya                              Indonesia
Toyota Tank/Toyota Roomy/Daihatsu Thor        Japan
Kai Venga                                                          Czech Republic/Russia/Slovakia
Toyota Verso S                                                  Japan
Maruti Suzuki Vitara                                          India
Maruti Suzuki Wagon R                                      India