Morris Oxford 1912 to 1916

Morris Oxford
The first of a long line of Morris Oxford models was produced at Cowley, Oxford, by William Morris in 1912. It was one of a new form of multi cylinder engined light cars.He created the car by bringing together  components from many manufacturers, assembling them into a complete car.This was not a unique idea, but William Morris succeeded where other would fail by controlling the costs. After 1918 he bought up many of his suppliers and became a true manufacturer. A good description of the car is given in "The Light Car", by C.F.Caunter, first published in1958.

So progressive and typical of the best type of small light car was the Morris-Oxford of this period, that a somewhat detailed description of it is warrented to indicate its importance in relation to later developments. The chassis frame was of pressed steel girder construction, mounted on semi elliptic springs at the front, and on three-quarter elliptic springs at the rear. The drive to the worm-rear rear axle was by an enclosed propeller shaft. Both hand and foot operated brakes were of the internal expanding type on the rear axle. The engine, multi-plate clutch and sliding pinion type of 3-speed and reverse gearbox were of unit construction; The whole unit was supported within the chassis upon a simple three-point suspension. A light yet well designed and constructed two-seat body, hood and windscreen,was blended with the bonnet and a rounded radiator.



         Morris Oxford Page two


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